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Motivation on Arch

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Subject Demand

Bangladesh has a rich cultural heritage that goes back thousands of years. In this regard, there is always a perpetual demand for well qualified archaeologists to work on new archaeological projects. There is also a demand for experienced lecturers, curators, and conservators. Universities and colleges across the country are doing a great job in meeting this demand.

Interesting Fields

Archaeology is an interdisciplinary activity that revolves around the investigation of material development made by earlier human societies. The objective of this discipline is to study past human cultures by identification, survey, and excavation of historical sites. These sites yield remains of earlier cultures in the form of relics (such as pottery, weapons, jewellery, articles of daily use, plant, animal, and human remains and so on) and architecture.

Once artefacts and monuments are unearthed they are properly analysed, documented, and preserved by archaeologists for future reference. Even an insignificant looking article like a piece of broken pottery or a human bone tells a lot of things to a seasoned archaeologist. The finding made during various archaeological investigations often adds new dimensions to already known facts of the past.

Recovery and analysis of remains obtained from excavation sites is the primary duty of all archaeologists irrespective of their field of specialization. Apart from the traditional process of collecting and managing material evidence of the past, archaeologists also employ modern investigative techniques. The state-of-the-art research techniques utilized by modern day archaeologists are, genetic study, radiocarbon dating, thermography, satellite imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and so on.

As a multidisciplinary activity, archaeology greatly draws upon a vast array of subjects such as anthropology, art history, chemistry, classical literature, ethnology, geology, history, information technology, linguistics, palaeontology, physics, statistics, and so on.

Universities offering this subject
Career Roles

Archaeology in itself is a vast field and different roles are based on the area of specialization. The major branches of study in archaeology include: 


Archaeobotany - Study of plant remains to ascertain agricultural practices of that time, food habits of the people, and climatic conditions thereof. 
Archaeometry - Is the application of analytical engineering principles and processes to archaeology.
Archaeozoology  - Branch of archaeology that looks into the remains of animals and related aspects such as their health, domestication, hunting practices, and so on.

Battlefield Archaeology - Intensive archaeological exploration of well known battlefields.

Environmental Archaeology - Studies the impact of environment on past societies and vice versa.

Ethno Archaeology - Application of modern day ethnological or anthropological data on past societies to gain an insight into them.

Experimental Archaeology - Replication of obsolete objects and processes in order to get a better understanding of their working.

Geoarchaeology - The focus of this field is towards the inspection of soil and rock samples to determine changes in geological and environmental conditions.

Marine Archaeology - Also known as underwater archaeology. Study dedicated to probe the remains of ships along with the study of cultures that developed along the coastline.

 Palaeontology - This branch deals with the study of life forms that existed on earth before the advent of the modern man.

Prehistoric Archaeology - Archaeologists whose main interest is to examine human traditions that belong to the pre-recorded or prehistoric era.

Urban Archaeology - Branch that is specifically dedicated to the study of urban centres or cities.

Job Fields

Students who have earned a post graduate degree in archaeology can apply for lectureship in various universities across the country.

Archaeologists also have the option to take up a job in government or privately owned museums for the safe upkeep and management of museum artefacts. Since most of the job openings are in government or government run agencies, therefore the career of an archaeologist is secure. Archaeologists draw all the benefits of a normal government employee as per their experience and official designation.

Archaeologists have to travel extensively within the country from one excavation site to another. They also get the opportunity to work on international excavation projects as required. They also have the scope to take up permanent positions such as lecturers, professors, conservators, museum curators, and so on in foreign countries as per their experience and area of specialization.